Friday 24 Nov 2017 |
AFED report 2017
 
KFAS
Environment and development AL-BIA WAL-TANMIA Leading Arabic Environment Magazine

November-December 2017
Editorial
Forum
NAJIB SAAB
Arab Environment in 10 Years: Bleak with Bright Spots
NAJIB SAAB
The overall environmental outlook in the Arab region is bleak, despite progress on some fronts, according to the latest report of AFED
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Akram Miknas
From the dust we came and to the dust we shall return
Akram Miknas
In too many parts of the Arab world, we are so busy killing each other that we’re hardly aware of the most serious threats our region faces
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Najib Saab
AFED Founding Trustee Maroun Semaan Passes Away
Najib Saab
Secretary General of the Arab Forum for Environment and Development (AFED) Najib Saab announced to AFED community the passing of founding trustee Maro
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MOHAMED EL-ASHRY
White House Denies Greenhouse: Why Arabs Shouldn’t Follow Trump
MOHAMED EL-ASHRY
On March 28, President Trump signed an executive order that would roll back much of the United States Government efforts to curb greenhouse gas
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Meet the
 Editor-in-Chief
Najib Saab
 
 
Selected articles News
FactCheck: The facts on Trump's EPA nominee 15/12/2016
Scott Pruitt, President-elect Donald Trump’s nominee to head the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, has made some questionable claims related to global warming, fracking and the Clean Power Plan. ...more
 
AFED Secretariat Annual Work Report 2016 10/11/2016
Arab Forum for Environment and Development (AFED) is closing its most challenging year, in a region overwhelmed by security and economic turmoil. Although we continue to believe that, after all sorts of conflicts and wars, people will still need to preserve and develop their natural capital that they need for survival, AFED is being stripped of minimum resources to execute its mission ...more
 
Waste trade: exporting countries responsible to return refused waste. Interview with Rolph Payet. 2/3/2016
As part of its cover story about Waste trade, in the March-April 2016 issue, Al-Bia Wal-Tanmia magazine conducted this interview with Rolph Payet, executive secretary of the Basel Convention on the control of transboundary movements of hazardous wastes and their disposal. ...more
 
Strong climate deal good for Arab countries 4/12/2015
Climate change, once considered an issue for the future, has now moved firmly into the present. Few days before a new climate change deal is due to be agreed in Paris, the question is no longer whether there will be an agreement but what shape and how strong it will be. ...more
 
Sustainable consumption: AFED’s 2015 report and public opinion survey 19/11/2015
In 2009, an Arab Regional Strategy for Sustainable Consumption and Production (SCP) was adopted by the League of Arab States. This was one of the first such regional strategies to be developed before the RIO+20 summit, which had adopted the 10 Year Framework of Programs (10YFP) on SCP. Consequently, the Arab Region moved forward and became the first region to develop and adopt a Roadmap for Implementation of the 10YFP on SCP at the regional level in June 2013. However, as is the case in most Arab regional strategies, both the roadmap and the SCP regional strategy are far from being implemented at the national levels. Development and implementation of SCP strategies in most Arab countries are still lagging. ...more
 
ACWA Power Develops 200 MW Solar PV Plant in Dubai: 5.84 Cents per kWh Sets New Global Pricing Benchmark 19/11/2015
In March 2015, the Dubai Electricity and Water Authority (DEWA) signed a 25-year power purchase agreement with a consortium of ACWA Power and TSK for a 200 MW net solar photo-voltaic (PV), under Phase II of the Mohammed bin Rashid Al Maktoum Solar Park, the Middle East’s largest renewable energy park. The bid tariff set a new global pricing benchmark for renewable energy generated from utility scale PV panels at USD 5.84 cents/kWh without subsidies. The second phase is based on the Independent Power Producer (IPP) model and is intended to be operational by April 2017. The project, which occupies 4.5 Km2, will help to achieve a reduction of 400,000 tonnes of carbon emissions. ...more
 
Impact of phasing out water subsidies in Tunisia and Morocco on consumption: a general equilibrium approach 19/11/2015
Morocco and Tunisia are considered among the countries where the scarcity of water resources may cause a serious constraint to the development of their economies. The agricultural sector is the most important consumer of water with more than 80% of the total. Moreover, both countries have shown an increase in the share of GDP accounted for by the nonfarm sectors, which imply an increase in residential water demand as well as manufacturing and service sectors. Consequently, if production growth in the non-farm sectors requires a proportional increase of water demand factor , then water can be a major constraint to economic growth in both countries. ...more
 
GENETICALLY ENGINEERED CLIMATE-RESILIENT SEEDS AS A POSSIBLE RESPONSE TO CLIMATE CHANGE-INDUCED FOOD SHORTAGES 4/9/2015
Climate change is predicted to have dramatic impacts on agricultural production globally. Although food production in some regions of the world may benefit from increasing average temperatures, most of the world will face severe challenges in adapting agricultural systems to the predicted climatic changes. ...more
 
Food Security and Climate Change: the UAE Experience 15/5/2015
The Arab world faces critical challenges in ensuring its food security. Our region is already the world’s largest net importer of essentials such as cereals and sugar, low water supplies in the region mean that expanding agricultural production is difficult, and population growth means that more people must be fed each year. In many ways, the United Arab Emirates (UAE) presents an exemplary case of this challenge. ...more
 
The UNDP-CEDRO Program’s Solar Power Initiatives 5/3/2015
The CEDRO project, a UNDP executed program, has been established since 2007, originally through a generous grant from the Government of Spain, through the Lebanon Recovery Fund, of approximately $10 million. At that time, renewable energy at large, and solar power in specific (with the exception of residential solar hot water systems), have not yet begun to be well propagated and/established. ...more
 
Conflict, refugees and food insecurity in the Arab region 5/3/2015
Conflict has a direct and indirect effect on food security, undermining it through various channels. Its direct effects are numerous – the destruction of infrastructure and machinery; death of livestock; razing of farm land,; and blocked access to markets for producers, distributors, and consumers. Indirectly, conflict discourages productive investment in agriculture, thereby reducing the availability of food. It strips government of tax revenues that prevent the establishment of social safety nets which promote food security. ...more
 
Virtual Water Trade as a Policy Instrument Contributing to the Achievement of Food Security in the GCC Countries 5/3/2015
The concept of ‘virtual water’ has been introduced by Tony Allan in the early nineties (Allan, 1993; 1994). However, it took nearly a decade to get global recognition for the importance of the concept of achieving regional and global water security. The "virtual water" content of a product, as often defined, is the volume of water used to produce the product, measured at the place where the product was actually produced (i.e., a production site specific definition). ...more
 
Review of the likely impact of climate change on agriculture in selected Arab countries 5/3/2015
Climate change is expected to impact agriculture in the region in one way or another. Below is a short review of the anticipated impact of climate change on agricultural in selected Arab countries. ...more
 
How should we tackle natural conservation of Lebanon?: Japanese Ambassador `s observation 5/3/2015
The East Mediterranean, a cradle of the civilizations, is blessed with a diverse and plentiful nature. But this nature is endangered. Nowadays we can observe that the growth range of the Lebanese Cedars has diminished quite drastically. ...more
 
Developing Fish Resources in the Arab World 7/1/2015
The Arab World is rich with large fish resources providing health and cheap proteins to Arabs, compared to animal proteins from other resources. Since the Arab World suffers a shortage in grazing and animal feed resources, which limits the capability to expand meat production, it is very important to sustain the contribution of fish resources in providing animal proteins to the Arab food basket; actually, this sector must be developed to sustainably increase its contribution to the Arab food security system. ...more
 
Arabian Oryx released to the wild 24/11/2017
Fourteen Arabian Oryx have been released to the wild at the Qasr Al Sarab Protected Area, around 200km away from Abu Dhabi, on Thursday morning. ...more
 
NASA video shows dramatic shift in Earth’s seasons as a result of climate change 24/11/2017
It can be hard to visualize just how much climate change has impacted Earth’s seasons. To help, NASA released a new illustration that drives home the dramatic shift that has taken place over a few short decades. ...more
 
No joke: China government warns northern cities to get serious in war on smog 24/11/2017
Some northern Chinese cities failed to improve air quality by much last month, hitting the smog-prone region’s overall results in a drive against pollution, the government said as it warned provincial officials to comply with stringent steps to clear the skies. ...more
 
Indonesian startup wages war on plastic with edible seaweed cups 24/11/2017
Jakarta food and beverages retailer Ong Tek Tjan sells ice cream in cups his customers can eat afterwards, instead of throwing away - they are made from seaweed and taste like jelly, in flavors from peppermint to green tea. ...more
 
The rapid disappearance of 5 billion passenger pigeons shows no population is safe from extinction 24/11/2017
Five billion passenger pigeons once spread across North America in flocks so big that they could block out the sun and spread for hundreds of miles. ...more
 
New owl species for the UAE found in the Eastern Region 23/11/2017
For the first time in recorded history, the Arabian Eagle Owl (Bubo africanus milesi) has been seen in the UAE, spotted in the Hajar mountains in the Eastern Region. ...more
 
The future looks bright: light pollution rises on a global scale 23/11/2017
The world is getting brighter, but scientists say that may not be a good thing. ...more
 
Britain to hike levy on most polluting diesel cars 23/11/2017
Britain will increase the tax paid by those driving new diesel cars that do not meet the latest emissions standards from next year, in the latest blow to the hard-pressed sector. ...more
 
Exxon joins European oil firms in initiative to limit emissions 23/11/2017
Exxon Mobil joined European peers including Royal Dutch Shell and Total in a new initiative to find ways to reduce potent emissions in their rapidly growing natural gas operations. ...more
 
Poland reacts coolly to EU court warning of fines for logging 23/11/2017
Poland reacted coolly to a warning it could incur fines for continuing to log in the Bialowieza forest, a UNESCO World Heritage site, saying on Tuesday its actions were lawful. ...more
 
IKEA, David Chang and ruler of Dubai invest $40 million in AeroFarms vertical farming 21/11/2017
If there was any question that indoor vertical farming is the future of agriculture, the latest announcement from AeroFarms will remove any doubt. ...more
 
Nebraska grants TransCanada approval to build the Keystone XL pipeline 21/11/2017
Nebraska just gave the go-ahead for Keystone XL, allowing TransCanada to clear the last regulatory hurdle for the hotly contested oil pipeline. ...more
 
World’s cheapest solar power to be generated in Mexico 21/11/2017
Mexico is on track to generate the world’s cheapest solar power — with prices as low as 1.77¢/kWh, according to Mexico’s Centro Nacional de Control de Energía (Cenace). ...more
 
Elephant advocates sue Trump administration on trophy hunting 21/11/2017
Conservation groups sued the U.S. government on Monday over a plan to allow hunters to bring home elephant and lion trophies from Zimbabwe, following changing statements about the possible move by President Donald Trump’s administration. ...more
 
Poland faces 100,000 euros a day fine if it continues logging in forest 21/11/2017
The European Union’s top court said on Monday Poland would be fined 100,000 euros ($117,000) a day if it did not stop large-scale logging in the Bialowieza forest, a UNESCO World Heritage site. ...more
 
Governments keep global climate deal on track despite U.S. pullout 20/11/2017
Almost 200 nations kept a 2015 global agreement to tackle climate change on track on Saturday after marathon talks overshadowed by U.S. President Donald Trump’s decision to pull out. ...more
 
UK considers tax on single-use plastics to tackle ocean pollution 20/11/2017
The chancellor, Philip Hammond, will announce in next week’s budget a “call for evidence” on how taxes or other charges on single-use plastics such as takeaway cartons and packaging could reduce the impact of discarded waste on marine and bird life, the Treasury has said. ...more
 
New NASA tool shows exactly how melting glaciers will affect coastal cities 20/11/2017
NASA has developed a new tool that individuals and communities can use to determine the precise impacts that sea level rise will have on individual coastal cities. ...more
 
Revolutionary Tesla Semi Truck arrives with a whopping 500-mile driving range 20/11/2017
It’s here: the semi truck that we’ve all been waiting for. Tesla just unveiled its new electric 500-mile-range Semi Truck, which could revolutionize the transportation world. ...more
 
Full of beans: coffee grounds to help power London's buses 20/11/2017
Waste coffee grounds will be used to help fuel some of London’s buses, Royal Dutch Shell and clean technology company bio-bean said on Monday. ...more
 
 
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