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AFED Survey 2017
Environment and development AL-BIA WAL-TANMIA Leading Arabic Environment Magazine

April 2017 - 229
White House Denies Greenhouse: Why Arabs Shouldn’t Follow Trump
On March 28, President Trump signed an executive order that would roll back much of the United States Government efforts to curb greenhouse gas

Jake Rice
Development is about fair distribution of wealth
Jake Rice
The first two Sustainable Development Goals for 2030 are to end poverty and hunger

Baher Kamal
New Evidence Confirms Risk That Mideast May Become Uninhabitable
Baher Kamal
New evidence is deepening scientific fears, advanced few years ago, that the Middle East and North Africa risk becoming uninhabitable in a few decades

Climate change, natural resources and conflicts in Arab countries
Was the chaos in the Arab region instigated by the early impacts of climate change
Meet the
Najib Saab
Selected articles News
FactCheck: The facts on Trump's EPA nominee 15/12/2016
Scott Pruitt, President-elect Donald Trump’s nominee to head the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, has made some questionable claims related to global warming, fracking and the Clean Power Plan. ...more
AFED Secretariat Annual Work Report 2016 10/11/2016
Arab Forum for Environment and Development (AFED) is closing its most challenging year, in a region overwhelmed by security and economic turmoil. Although we continue to believe that, after all sorts of conflicts and wars, people will still need to preserve and develop their natural capital that they need for survival, AFED is being stripped of minimum resources to execute its mission ...more
Waste trade: exporting countries responsible to return refused waste. Interview with Rolph Payet. 2/3/2016
As part of its cover story about Waste trade, in the March-April 2016 issue, Al-Bia Wal-Tanmia magazine conducted this interview with Rolph Payet, executive secretary of the Basel Convention on the control of transboundary movements of hazardous wastes and their disposal. ...more
Strong climate deal good for Arab countries 4/12/2015
Climate change, once considered an issue for the future, has now moved firmly into the present. Few days before a new climate change deal is due to be agreed in Paris, the question is no longer whether there will be an agreement but what shape and how strong it will be. ...more
Sustainable consumption: AFED’s 2015 report and public opinion survey 19/11/2015
In 2009, an Arab Regional Strategy for Sustainable Consumption and Production (SCP) was adopted by the League of Arab States. This was one of the first such regional strategies to be developed before the RIO+20 summit, which had adopted the 10 Year Framework of Programs (10YFP) on SCP. Consequently, the Arab Region moved forward and became the first region to develop and adopt a Roadmap for Implementation of the 10YFP on SCP at the regional level in June 2013. However, as is the case in most Arab regional strategies, both the roadmap and the SCP regional strategy are far from being implemented at the national levels. Development and implementation of SCP strategies in most Arab countries are still lagging. ...more
ACWA Power Develops 200 MW Solar PV Plant in Dubai: 5.84 Cents per kWh Sets New Global Pricing Benchmark 19/11/2015
In March 2015, the Dubai Electricity and Water Authority (DEWA) signed a 25-year power purchase agreement with a consortium of ACWA Power and TSK for a 200 MW net solar photo-voltaic (PV), under Phase II of the Mohammed bin Rashid Al Maktoum Solar Park, the Middle East’s largest renewable energy park. The bid tariff set a new global pricing benchmark for renewable energy generated from utility scale PV panels at USD 5.84 cents/kWh without subsidies. The second phase is based on the Independent Power Producer (IPP) model and is intended to be operational by April 2017. The project, which occupies 4.5 Km2, will help to achieve a reduction of 400,000 tonnes of carbon emissions. ...more
Impact of phasing out water subsidies in Tunisia and Morocco on consumption: a general equilibrium approach 19/11/2015
Morocco and Tunisia are considered among the countries where the scarcity of water resources may cause a serious constraint to the development of their economies. The agricultural sector is the most important consumer of water with more than 80% of the total. Moreover, both countries have shown an increase in the share of GDP accounted for by the nonfarm sectors, which imply an increase in residential water demand as well as manufacturing and service sectors. Consequently, if production growth in the non-farm sectors requires a proportional increase of water demand factor , then water can be a major constraint to economic growth in both countries. ...more
Climate change is predicted to have dramatic impacts on agricultural production globally. Although food production in some regions of the world may benefit from increasing average temperatures, most of the world will face severe challenges in adapting agricultural systems to the predicted climatic changes. ...more
Food Security and Climate Change: the UAE Experience 15/5/2015
The Arab world faces critical challenges in ensuring its food security. Our region is already the world’s largest net importer of essentials such as cereals and sugar, low water supplies in the region mean that expanding agricultural production is difficult, and population growth means that more people must be fed each year. In many ways, the United Arab Emirates (UAE) presents an exemplary case of this challenge. ...more
The UNDP-CEDRO Program’s Solar Power Initiatives 5/3/2015
The CEDRO project, a UNDP executed program, has been established since 2007, originally through a generous grant from the Government of Spain, through the Lebanon Recovery Fund, of approximately $10 million. At that time, renewable energy at large, and solar power in specific (with the exception of residential solar hot water systems), have not yet begun to be well propagated and/established. ...more
Conflict, refugees and food insecurity in the Arab region 5/3/2015
Conflict has a direct and indirect effect on food security, undermining it through various channels. Its direct effects are numerous – the destruction of infrastructure and machinery; death of livestock; razing of farm land,; and blocked access to markets for producers, distributors, and consumers. Indirectly, conflict discourages productive investment in agriculture, thereby reducing the availability of food. It strips government of tax revenues that prevent the establishment of social safety nets which promote food security. ...more
Virtual Water Trade as a Policy Instrument Contributing to the Achievement of Food Security in the GCC Countries 5/3/2015
The concept of ‘virtual water’ has been introduced by Tony Allan in the early nineties (Allan, 1993; 1994). However, it took nearly a decade to get global recognition for the importance of the concept of achieving regional and global water security. The "virtual water" content of a product, as often defined, is the volume of water used to produce the product, measured at the place where the product was actually produced (i.e., a production site specific definition). ...more
Review of the likely impact of climate change on agriculture in selected Arab countries 5/3/2015
Climate change is expected to impact agriculture in the region in one way or another. Below is a short review of the anticipated impact of climate change on agricultural in selected Arab countries. ...more
How should we tackle natural conservation of Lebanon?: Japanese Ambassador `s observation 5/3/2015
The East Mediterranean, a cradle of the civilizations, is blessed with a diverse and plentiful nature. But this nature is endangered. Nowadays we can observe that the growth range of the Lebanese Cedars has diminished quite drastically. ...more
Developing Fish Resources in the Arab World 7/1/2015
The Arab World is rich with large fish resources providing health and cheap proteins to Arabs, compared to animal proteins from other resources. Since the Arab World suffers a shortage in grazing and animal feed resources, which limits the capability to expand meat production, it is very important to sustain the contribution of fish resources in providing animal proteins to the Arab food basket; actually, this sector must be developed to sustainably increase its contribution to the Arab food security system. ...more
Campaign helps UAE pupils recycle used cooking oil 24/4/2017
Pupils at UAE schools have been collecting used cooking oil from their homes to recycle it into ¬biofuel. ...more
Trump to set new executive orders on environment, energy this week 24/4/2017
U.S. President Donald Trump this week will sign new executive orders before he completes his first 100 days in office, including two on energy and the environment, which would make it easier for the United States to develop energy on and offshore, a White House official said on Sunday. ...more
China’s environmental penalties close to US$1 billion in 2016 24/4/2017
The Chinese government continued to increase its efforts to combat environmental violations in 2016 with a total number of 137.8 thousand cases investigated and fines totaled 6.633 billion yuan on 124.7 thousand cases, a record high according to the Ministry of Environmental Protection. ...more
World Bank's IFC, Amundi to create $2 billion green bond fund 24/4/2017
The World Bank's private sector investment arm and European asset manager Amundi have agreed to form a $2 billion green bond fund to help provide more financing for low-carbon investments in emerging markets, they said on Friday. ...more
UK's rarest plants are at risk of extinction, charity warns 24/4/2017
Some of the UK’s rarest plants are at risk of extinction unless action is taken to look after the road verges that have become their final refuge, a charity has warned. ...more
2,000 mosques in Dubai to switch to Dubai Lamp 21/4/2017
More than 2,000 mosques in Dubai will switch to the Dubai Lamp, which is considered to be the most energy-efficient LED lamp in the world. ...more
Earth Overshoot Day 2017: Can you guess the date? 21/4/2017
Earth Day is upon us! How will you celebrate? How will you show your commitment to protect our planet on Saturday, and beyond? ...more
China probe uncovers environment breaches at two-thirds of firms - ministry 21/4/2017
More than two thirds of the companies investigated by China in its latest campaign against pollution have violated environmental rules, a environment ministry official told a briefing on Friday. ...more
New plastic garbage patch discovered in Arctic Ocean 21/4/2017
The Great Pacific Garbage Patch isn’t the only place where plastic pollution is gathering in the world’s oceans. An international team of scientists from 12 institutions in eight countries recently discovered a new garbage patch in the Greenland and Barents seas north of Norway. Between 100 and 1,200 tons of plastic have concentrated there, threatening wildlife already grappling with climate change. ...more
Apple announces plans to make all products from recycled materials 21/4/2017
Apple just announced plans to close the loop and make all of its products from recycled materials. ...more
Biodiesel production coming to Abu Dhabi 20/4/2017
Leftover cooking oil, grease and fat collected from kitchens in homes and restaurants across the capital could soon be used to make biodiesel under a new recycling scheme. ...more
Trump's EPA to reconsider oil and gas emissions rule 20/4/2017
The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency will reconsider a rule on greenhouse gas emissions from oil and gas operations and delay its compliance date, the agency said on Wednesday in the Trump administration's latest move to reduce regulations. ...more
UN chief names Achim Steiner to head UNDP 20/4/2017
UN chief António Guterres named Achim Steiner as the new administrator of the UN Development Programme (UNDP). ...more
Philippines wind farm generates power, jobs and curious tourists 20/4/2017
Wind turbines are helping the Philippines diversify its energy sources beyond fossil fuels and generating not only power, but jobs, revenue and interest among thousands of curious tourists. ...more
Peruvian police rescue rare Galapagos tortoises from traffickers 20/4/2017
Peruvian police rescued 27 baby Galapagos tortoises, a highly endangered species, from a group of traffickers trying to take them to Europe, authorities said on Wednesday. ...more
Enviroserve UAE to Set up World’s Largest Integrated Electronics, Waste Recycling Plant at Dubai Industrial Park 19/4/2017
Enviroserve UAE, a global leader in the delivery of niche waste and environmental solutions, has signed an agreement with Dubai Wholesale City for the construction of a 228,000 sq ft electronics and specialized waste recycling plant at Dubai Industrial Park, the dedicated industrial hub within Dubai Wholesale City. ...more
White House meeting on Paris climate deal postponed: official 19/4/2017
A White House meeting that was to help determine whether the United States should withdraw from the Paris climate accord has been postponed, an administration official said on Tuesday. ...more
Slims River: Climate change causes 'river piracy' in Canada's Yukon 19/4/2017
A team of scientists say a melting glacier in Canada's Yukon has caused a river to completely change course. ...more
NASA snaps worrying images of new crack in large Greenland glacier 19/4/2017
One of Greenland’s biggest glaciers could be in trouble. A Netherlands university professor pointed out a new chasm in the Petermann Glacier, as seen in satellite images. NASA’s Operation IceBridge recently went over to check it out and captured photographs that don’t look too good. Scientists say the crack is in an unusual place, and aren’t sure what caused it. ...more
Scientists say we have 10 years to save Earth 19/4/2017
Time is running out to protect Earth from the disastrous effects of climate change. An international team of eight researchers said we have just 10 years to save the planet. But their news isn’t all bad: they’ve come up with a model for balancing carbon dioxide emissions with carbon sinks, like forests, to keep temperatures from passing the 1.5 degree Celsius mark widely considered safe for life as we know it. ...more
All Dubai Government departments to be paperless in 4 years 18/4/2017
All Dubai Government departments will cease to use paper in four years as part of efforts to curb waste, the Crown Prince has said. ...more
Trump advisers to meet Tuesday to discuss Paris climate agreement 18/4/2017
Advisers to President Donald Trump will meet today to discuss whether to recommend that he withdraw the United States from the Paris climate accord, a White House official said on Monday. ...more
Sri Lanka rubbish dump landslide death toll rises to 29, unknown number still missing 18/4/2017
Rescue workers cleared mud and debris from a landslide at a giant rubbish dump in the Sri Lankan capital for a fourth day on Monday, as the death toll rose to 29 and uncertainty remained over the number of people missing. ...more
UK-based start-up hopes to cut plastic waste with innovative water balls 18/4/2017
Small transparent spheres filled with natural or flavored water could help provide a solution to London's plastic waste problem, according to the start-up company based in the British capital that manufactures them. ...more
Wintry wolverine has cub in Belgium, beating climate-change odds 18/4/2017
The wolverine, a carnivore confined to colder climates since the last Ice Age, has re-established a tenuous foothold further south in a Belgian wildlife park. ...more
Poll of the month
Do you rely at your home or business on a renewable energy source?

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Boghos Ghougassian
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Arab Environment 9: sustainable Development in a Changing Arab Climate
ان جميع مقالات ونصوص "البيئة والتنمية" تخضع لرخصة الحقوق الفكرية الخاصة بـ "المنشورات التقنية". يتوجب نسب المقال الى "البيئة والتنمية" . يحظر استخدام النصوص لأية غايات تجارية . يُحظر القيام بأي تعديل أو تحوير أو تغيير في النص الأصلي. لمزيد من المعلومات عن حقوق النشر يرجى الاتصال بادارة المجلة
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