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Environment and development AL-BIA WAL-TANMIA Leading Arabic Environment Magazine
المجلة البيئية العربية الاولى
 
 
 
منشورات
 
دليل كفاءة المياه
 
 أعلن المنتدى العربي للبيئة والتنمية (أفد) عن إصدار "دليل كفاءة المياه" بطبعته الورقية وبنسختين عربية وإنكليزية، وذلك بالتعاون مع "أكواباور". والقصد من هذا الدليل العملي أن يستعمل كمرجع لتحديد وترتيب أولويات الاستثمار في كفاءة استخدام المياه في ثلاثة قطاعات: البناء والصناعة والزراعة، وتم إعداده خصيصاً للمنطقة العربية.
يقدم الدليل طرقاً تم التثبت من جدواها لتخفيض استهلاك المياه وتكاليفها، من خلال اقتراح تغييرات في الممارسات الحالية وسلوكيات استخدام المياه في جميع القطاعات. وهو يستهدف الاستهلاك في الأبنية السكنية والتجارية وفي الصناعة والزراعة. وفضلاً عن عرض الحلول الممكنة للاقتصاد في المياه، يقدم إطاراً لمقاربة منهجية نحو تحقيق الكفاءة في استخدامها.
يضم "دليل كفاءة المياه" خمسة فصول، تكملها ملاحق تحوي دراسات حالة ومراجع اضافية. الفصل الأول يشرح حوافز الاستثمار في كفاءة استخدام المياه، والاتجاهات الحالية التي تؤثر في قطاع المياه. ويقدم الفصل الثاني مقاربة شمولية لإعداد برامج لكفاءة استخدام المياه وتعليمات واستمارة جمع المعلومات الاحصائية حول المياه. ويورد الفصل الثالث مقاربات شائعة لكفاءة استخدام المياه في العمليات الصناعية، مع تركيز خاص على العمليات المسرفة مائياً. ويضيء الفصل الرابع على فرص رئيسية للاقتصاد بالمياه في الأبنية السكنية والتجارية، بما في ذلك الاستخدام الداخلي والمنزلي وإدارة المرافق وهندسة المناظر الطبيعية. ويركز الفصل الخامس على الجوانب الرئيسية لتحسين كفاءة استخدام المياه في الزراعة، بما في ذلك معايير اختيار المحاصيل وطرق الري.
وسيتم إطلاق الدليل بالإشتراك مع أكواباور، خلال المؤتمر السنوي للمنتدى العربي للبيئة والتنمية الذي يعقد في 26 – 27 تشرين الثاني (نوفمبر) في الأردن.
يمكن الحصول على نسخة من الدليل عبر الاتصال بمكاتب الأمانة العامة للمنتدى العربي للبيئة والتنمية.

الصفحات:  96 (متوفرة في الإصدارات العربية والإنجليزية)

لبنان: L.L. 30,000

الدول العربية الأخرى: 30 دولار أمريكي بما في ذلك تكاليف الشحن

غيرها من البلدان: 50 دولار أمريكي بما في ذلك تكاليف البريد

 
Water in the Arab world is a precious and limited resource. The well-being of the region’s populations and their prosperity are linked tightly to water availability and quality. In a region known for its arid climate and sparse rainfall, prudent water use is everyone’s business. There are a number of strategies to achieve water security in a sustainable manner, but none is more significant than improving water efficiency.
 
Despite increased stress on water resources, many water users and managers are still unaware of practical, cost-effective water efficiency improvements they can make. Strategies or plans for water efficiency are largely lacking, both in the public and private sectors.
This handbook was developed to assist water users identify and prioritize cost-effective water efficiency opportunities. It targets water use in residential and commercial buildings, industrial plants, and agricultural farms. The handbook offers practical and proven methods to cut water consumption, and water costs, without sacrificing production, reliability, or comfort. By making this handbook available, water consumers at homes and water managers at institutional buildings, industrial sites and farms will be better informed about water efficiency retrofit opportunities, and will, therefore, be better prepared to develop a plan to take advantage of water savings.
 
Too often, projects to improve water efficiency do not get approval because of the initial capital expenditures required for retrofits, despite the fact that up-front capital costs for financing water efficiency measures are usually recouped quickly through water savings. In fact, the return on investment in many cases is economically profitable, as demonstrated by the case studies in this handbook. In the long-run, the cost of inaction to the economy will be manifested by poor public health outcomes, lower resource productivity and pollution, to name just a few, which will far exceed the investments needed to increase water efficiency.
 
Making a transition to a water-efficient economy should no longer be viewed as a hard-to-reach, lofty goal. The barriers to a water-efficient economy are not technological or financial. To be sure, innovations and financing structures are indispensible to a water efficiency plan. The main impediment seems to relate to perceived attitudes. What is needed, therefore, is a firm belief in the capacity of every household and every organization to change how they consume water and take small steps to become water-efficient.This handbook expounds on the behavioral changes and practices that can be adopted.
 
The Arab Forum for Environment and Development (AFED) launched a preview edition of this handbook, together with its flagship report
Water: Sustainable Management of a Scarce Resource, at AFED’s Annual Conference in November 2010 in Beirut. Since then, the handbook was put into application, and comments were collected from users. This included a Water Efficiency Workshop organized by AFED in cooperation with ACWA Power in Riyadh in May 2011, using the handbook as guide, followed by a series of workshops and applications in other countries. This revised edition has been based on the feedback collected. Many sections were added, especially demonstrative case studies and guidelines for water audits, to make the handbook more complete as a tool for action.
 
We hope that this handbook will make a contribution to water efficiency in the Arab world, while improving the performance of its economies and institutions. Our ultimate goal is nothing short of fostering a new ethic of care and responsibility for water. Our health depends on it. Our economy depends on it. Our future depends on it. And it is the right thing to do.
 
Pages: 96 (Available in English and Arabic versions)
Lebanon: L.L. 30,000
Other Arab Countries: $US 30 including delivery cost
Other Countries: $US 50 including delivery cost
 
 

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